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Instance segmentation is the task of detecting and delineating each distinct object of interest appearing in an image. It is a very important component of Image segmentation, which is the foundation behind many AI products. It is the process of identifying characteristics of the data you want your AI model to learn to recognize. Image segmentation involves dividing image pixels are into different parts and labeling them according to certain rules

How Image Segmentation works

The Image segmentation process consists of the following techniques:
  • Image classification: Identify the contents of the image such as person, car, tree, etc.
  • Object Detection: It is a method to identify and correctly label every object present in an image frame.
      This consists of two steps :
    • Object Localization- Locating the exact position of the object by determining the enclosing region/bounding box in the tightest manner.
    • Image Classification - Labelling the object.

  • Semantic Segmentation – It involves detecting objects within an image and putting them in groups of defined categories such as Humans, Vehicles, Traffic lights, etc.
  • Instance Segmentation: It can be considered a refined version of Semantic Segmentation. It involves identifying each object instance for every known object within an image. That means it treats multiple objects of the same group as separate objects.
  • Panoptic Segmentation: It is a combination of Instance and Semantic Segmentation. Each pixel is associated with two values- its group label and an instance number. It can also recognize the background elements like sky, road, grass, etc.

Application
  1. Self-driving Cars: In self-driving vehicles that have computer vision-based deep learning perception models it is crucial to provide it with information to make sure it safely avoids all types of objects in its path.Instance Segmentation can accurate pixels to recognize the different classes of objects on a road that will help the machine to learn better scenarios.
  2. Monitoring with Accurate Aerial Imagery View : Through image segmentation deep learning, an autonomous flying object, such as a drone, can be trained for geo-sensing of farm lands and urban environments. Satellite imagery can be annotated to monitor and gather a variety of useful information in farming such as estimating crop yield, evaluating soil, etc.
  3. Manufacturing: Manufacturers can determine when a product is soon to be out-of-stock or needs additional units through information acquired from Image segmentation. It can also be used to label image data of manufacturing equipment, which the computer can use to recognize specific faults or failures leading to efficiency and better maintenance overall.
  4. In Medicine: Medical image segmentation is an important component of computer-aided diagnosis systems having widespread application For example, AI can be used to examine radiology images to identify the likelihood of certain cancers being present. . It is the most essential medical imaging process as it extracts the region of interest (ROI) through a semi automatic or automatic process.

Why Instance Segmentation

Much like humans, computers learn how to categorize things through repeated exposure to various examples of an object. Image annotation provides examples in a way that the computer is able to understand.While Instance Segmentation labeling is expensive, it is one of the more robust and comprehensive methods of achieving object detection in image analysis. Uniquely identifying each instance of objects in an image which is segmented by defined categories can make for a model that is extremely intelligent.

Why choose us

Image segmentation can be a complicated endeavour. Images can come with various problems like poor lighting, target objects may be occluded, or parts of the image that are unrecognizable to even a human eye. Our team makes careful decisions on how to represent these aspects before we start an image annotation project. We come with creative solutions to name labels and different classes , as these factors can easily lead to confusion and therefore, create unnecessary confusion in the machine. We create AI solutions with great precision and speed through image segmentation that yields high-quality training data.